Shell Gumusut Kakap
Gumusut Kakap is a deepwater oil discovery in offshore Sabah, Malaysia where Sabah Shell Petroleum Company is the designated Operator. This development employs Malaysia’s first deepwater semi-submersible production system. The 44,000 t FPS is to be located about 200 km off the shore of Sabah (East Malaysia) in the South China Sea in water depth about 1,200 m. The project has allowed Shell to share deep-water expertise with Malaysian energy companies, assisting in the Malaysian government’s goal to create an offshore industry hub. The platform was built in Malaysia by Malaysian Marine and Heavy Engineering Sdn Bhd (MMHE). Boskalis was awarded a contract by MMHE for the provision of the Heavy Transport Vessel (HTV) for the load-out, float-off and tow-back package of the Project which includes the load-out of the Integrated FPS from MMHE fabrication Yard onto the HTV, Dry-transport to Desaru, Float-off, Tow-back and Re-delivery at MMHE fabrication yard. Boskalis was responsible for the load-out-, transport- and float-off engineering and execution of the Gumust Kakap FPS. This included the design of HTV grillages, skid beams and seafastening as well as the design, fabrication and delivery of a ground reaction type Buoyance Tank(BT). The scope also included the mobilization and readiness of HTV Blue Marlin, HTV ballasting during the skidded load-out operation and the provision of the marine spread required for the float-off operation and HTV and BT demobilization. HTV Blue Marlin arrived at the load-out yard end of March 2013. The fabrication yard started with the installation of the grillage required for the load-out of the FPS. The outfitting of the HTV main deck was completed mid-April. Since the draft of the FPS, once afloat, would be more than the maximum water depth over the HTV main deck, a draft reduction mechanism had to be designed. For this purpose Boskalis had designed and fabricated a Buoyance Tank (BT). This BT was designed to fit between the FPS bottom plating and the top of the HTV grillage. On the BT fabrication yard the BT was loaded onto a charted barge, transported to Pasir Gudang, where it was loaded-in for storage until the FPS was ready for the load-out. On April 16th 2013 the BT was load-out by SPMT’s onto the barge that would be used for positioning the BT between FPS bottom and HTV grillage. On May 3rd the FPS was skidded to just before the HTV (land-pull) to start the load-out the next day. As a result of the skidding system used, the tolerances were very small, which resulted in a slow skidding speed. The FPS was in its final position in the early morning of May 5th. Once in position the securing of the FPS started, the link beams were removed and the HTV de-ballasted to BT load-out conditions. On May 9th the barge with BT were moored against the HTV. The next day the load-out of the BT started and on May 11th the BT was in the correct position. HTV and BT were now prepared and tested for the dry-tow and the subsequent discharge operations. On May 14th the loaded HTV shifted from Pasir Gudang to the offload location near Desaru where it dropped anchor. Various preparatory work on the FPS and seafastening removal had to be done and on May 21st all was ready for the discharge of the FPS with the BT under it. The FPS and BT were towed off the HTV by 1 AHT and 4 inshore tugs. After this discharge the HTV de-ballasted and shifted back to the yard for main deck reinstatement. The FPS needed to be offloaded from the BT which started early morning of May 22nd by ballasting of the BT. The FPS was towed off the BT that same afternoon and re-delivered to client. The BT was de-ballasted and towed back to Pasir Gudang for reinstatement. To ensure that the FPS could achieve the required float-off draft, the BT, which is technically a ground reaction barge is required for the discharge operation. Boskalis was responsible for ensuring that the BT was designed, constructed and delivered to ensure the safe and successful execution of this complex discharge. The BT design was unique, having its own power, sophisticated ballast system, tank gauging system, ballast air compressors, hydraulics etc. which had to be thoroughly examined and dry tested before the operation. Also, ground reaction barge operations require flat hard seabed. Intensive research was carried out including bottom survey of several areas around the coast before suitable location with hard sand at required depths was found off Desaru area. The success of the project was due to the strong cooperation between all parties. The project had schedule challenges but the close working relationship between the project management teams of MMHE and Boskalis ensured that the project was still executed in a safe, operationally sound and timely manner.
China shipping container lines' Indian Ocean grounded
On February 3, 2016, CSCL’s Indian Ocean grounded in the River Elbe, Germany.Falling tides in the River Elbe, meant that the grounded vessel required salvage assistance to free her from the river bank. To enable the container vessel to pivot, prior to towing her back into the river, a significant volume of sand had to be removed. Dredging capacity was provided by Boskalis by way of two hopper dredgers, one backhoe dredger and a water injection dredger. For the refloat, significant pulling force was required. To this end, two large 200 TBP Anchor Handling Tugs from Boskalis Offshore were mobilized from Rotterdam, in addition to ten local harbor tugs. The Salvage Master had in excess of 1,000 TBP at his disposal to refloat the vessel. As a result, the vessel was safely refloated in line with the salvage plan and within the set time frame, with a minimum shut-off time for the river waterway.
Wintershall RAVN and A6-A
Wintershall Noordzee B.V. installed a new remote platform RAVN as a crude production tie-back to A6-A. RAVN is a remote and unmanned crude well unit. Utilising a dry-tree design, all control, power and metered injection for the well will be via the 18.2-km control umbilical between the new satellite platform RAVN in the Danish sector and the operational platform A6-A in the German sector. The umbilical forms the entire link between the remote platform, supplying and controlling all functions and ensuring continual feedback and monitoring of RAVN. The umbilical supplies all the necessary input data, control and feedback to eliminate the usual day-to-day requirements of direct human contact. The umbilical was installed from RAVN first end to second end pull-in at A6-A end. Platforms are located in the Danish territorial waters in the North Sea (RAVN) and German territorial waters in the North Sea (A6-A). The umbilical was connected/pulled into RAVN via a J-tube and internal conductor to the RAVN topside -TUTA. RAVN - first end with pull-in to topside deck via a J-tube - was laid in corridor separate from the 8-inch pipeline between RAVN and A6-A and second end pull-in using the quadrant method at the A6-A platform. SCOPE OF WORK Prepare project planning for Boskalis’ scope of work. Survey work, including post-burial survey. Perform route engineering and installation engineering to optimize the performance of the installation scope, including Orcaflex analysis for laying, pull-ins, loads and dynamics, as well as a detailed burial assessment study (BAS). Prepare platform on RAVN and A6-A. Define umbilical length together with the client. Umbilical load-out at Hartlepool (UK) onto the installation vessel Ndurance. Installation and hang-off of umbilical termination heads – topsides. Crossing 36- & 40-inch live gas pipelines. Pull-in at RAVN & A6-A platforms – direct from vessel as part of SIM-OPS. Umbilical lay and bury scope – minimize on seabed exposure. Mobilize and demobilize all installation spreads for Boskalis’ scope. Provide engineering support during the offshore umbilical installation, including simultaneous burial. Provide QHSE management for Boskalis’ scope. Process and deliver as-built data. Mobilize and demobilize all installation spreads for Boskalis’ scope.
Cabrera wreck removal
On Christmas Eve 2016, the cargo vessel Cabrera grounded on the rocks off the Greek island of Andros. The vessel broke into pieces, sinking to a depth of 34 meters.SMIT Salvage - and its Greek partner Megatugs of Piraeus - immediately removed the oil from the vessel and recovered part of the cargo. Subsequently, SMIT and Megatugs were contracted for lifting up the stern. This included lifting the accommodation, as well as the remaining cargo, from the seabed. The floating sheerleg Taklift 4 - with a lifting capacity of 2,200 Mt - was mobilized for the lifting work. Once detailed engineering plans had been set out, salvage divers placed the lifting chains to enable the Taklift 4 to lift the aft section from the seabed and safely load it onto a barge.
Wintershall Noordzee B.V. installed a new remote platform at L6-B as a gas production tie-back to L8-P4. L6-B is a remote and unmanned gas well unit. Utilising a dry-tree design, all control, power and metered injection for the two wells will be via the 19.5-km control umbilical between the new satellite platform L6-B and the operational gas platform L8-P4. The umbilical forms the entire link between the remote platforms, supplying and controlling all functions and ensuring continual feedback and monitoring of L6-B. The umbilical supplies all the necessary input data, control and feedback to eliminate the usual day-to-day requirement of direct human contact. The umbilical was installed from L8-P4 first end to second end pull-in at L6-B remote end. Both platforms are located in Dutch territorial waters in the North Sea. The umbilical was connected/pulled in to L6-B via a J-tube and internal conductor to the L6-B topside - TUTA. The umbilical will be installed from L8-P4 - first end with pull-in to topside deck via a J-tube, laid in corridor separate from the 8-inch pipeline between L8-P4 and L6-B. FACTS AND FIGURES Water depth 30-35 meters Challenging North sea conditions. Challenging soft seabed. Fast-track project, with a short lead-time between award and installation – Feb 2014, July/Aug installed. Stepped phase process of pull-in, laying and burial ops. Completed on time, with no incidents. Umbilical loaded quickly and safely. Umbilical length 19.5 km. Burial scope of single pass burial of umbilical minimum requirement of 1m TOC (top of cover). SCOPE OF WORK Prepare project planning for Boskalis’ scope of work. Survey work, including a pre-burial, as-laid and post-burial survey. Perform route engineering and installation engineering to optimize the performance of the installation scope, including a detailed burial assessment study (BAS). Prepare platform on L8-P4 and L6-B. Define umbilical length together with the client. Umbilical load-out at DUCO Newcastle (UK) onto the installation vessel Ndurance. Hang-off of umbilical end. Crossing 36-inch live gas pipeline Callantsoog. Pull-in at L6-B & L8-P4 platforms – direct from vessel as part of SIM-OPS. Mobilize and demobilize all installation spreads for Boskalis’ scope. Provide engineering support during the offshore umbilical installation, including burial. Provide QHSE management for Boskalis’ scope.
Oil and wreck removal JBB Derong 19
In September 2017, dredger JBB DE RONG 19 collided with a tanker in the Singapore straits.After the collision, the dredger capsized and was partially submerged. SMIT Salvage was contracted for the initial response to recover any pollutant material as well as for the complete wreck and debris removal. After detailed engineering a plan was drafted, the dredger was cut into five pieces and lifted by sheerleg SMIT Cyclone on to barges. The sections were delivered to a scrap yard in Singapore for further safe dismantling.